Here we have an infographic plotting every successful and partially successful mission to the moon.
Starting with the Luna 1 in 1959, which was the first spacecraft to reach the Earth’s Moon. Since then there have been 66 missions to the moon, the latest being the Chang’e 5-T1 spacecraft in 2014.
(Image source – https://escvelocity.net/)
A History of Missions to The Moon
There have been 66 successful and partially successful missions to the moon, led primarily by NASA in America and The Soviet Space Programme From Russia, although China, Europe, India and Japan have all had some success in sending a spacecraft to the Moon.
Luna 1, otherwise called Mechta (Russian: Мечта, lit.: Dream) was the principal rocket to achieve the region of the Earth’s Moon, and the primary shuttle to be set in heliocentric circle. Proposed as an impactor, Luna 1 was propelled as a component of the Soviet Luna program in 1959, however because of an inaccurately coordinated upper stage consume amid its dispatch, it missed the Moon, in the process turning into the main rocket to leave geocentric circle.
Pioneer 4 was an American unmanned rocket propelled as a feature of the Pioneer program on a lunar flyby direction and into a heliocentric circle making it the principal test of the United States to escape from the Earth’s gravity. It conveyed a payload like Pioneer 3: a lunar radiation condition try utilizing a Geiger– Müller tube identifier and a lunar photography try. It go inside 58,983 km of the Moon’s surface. In any case, Pioneer 4 did not approach enough to trigger its photoelectric sensor. The shuttle was still in sun powered circle starting at 1969. It was the main fruitful lunar test propelled by the U.S. in 12 endeavors between 1958– 63; just in 1964 would Ranger 7 outperform its prosperity by achieving the majority of its main goal destinations.
Launched on the 23rd of October 2014 by the CNSA the Chang’e 5-T1 (Xiaofei, “little flyer”) was an unmanned lunar mission to test the capsule for the CNSA’s upcoming Chang’e 5 spacecraft scheduled for 2019. The purpose was to test the return landing capability of the capsule. The mission was successful when the casual landed in Mongolia on 31st of October.